LSD is good for you, say Norway researchers
Tales of debilitating acid flash-backs and permanently frazzled synapses are exaggerated, according to a new scientific report which concludes LSD use may even be beneficial.
“There were no significant associations between lifetime use of any psychedelics, or use of LSD in the past year, and increased rate of any of the mental health outcomes,” Pål-Ørjan Johansen and Teri Krebs from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim concluded in their study published in the PLOS One journal on Tuesday.
“Rather, in several cases psychedelic use was associated with a lower rate of mental health problems.”
For the study, the researchers analyzed data on the more than 130,000 Americans who took drug use surveys↲ between 2001 and 2004, of which 22,000 had used a psychedelic drug at least once.
“Despite popular perceptions, expert↲ harm assessments↲ have not demonstrated that classical serotonergic psychedelic substances such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline are demonstrated to cause chronic mental health problems,” Johansen told The Local.
“Everything has some risk: psychedelics can elicit temporary feelings of anxiety and confusion, but accidents leading to serious injury are extremely rare,” Krebs added. “Over the past 50 years tens of millions of people have used psychedelics and there just is not much evidence of long-term problems.”
She said that their results were consistent with the guidelines↲ of the UN, EU, US, and UK official drug education programs.
Johansen said that earlier studies which demonstrated that psychedelic drugs damaged mental health had been based on a small number of case reports from patients who were already mentally ill.
“Both mental illness and psychedelic use are prevalent in the population, likely leading to many chance associations↲,” he said.
He pointed out↲ that about three percent of people suffer a psychotic disorder over their lifetimes, while as many as one in six Americans have taken psychedelic drugs.
Moreover, as the use of psychedelics and the onset of mental illness both tended to take place in late adolescence, mistaken causal inferences had often been made.
In an earlier study, published last year, the two neuroscientists demonstrated that a single dose of LSD was an effective treatment for alcoholism.
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- Tales of debilitating acid flash – backs ↔ Contos de memórias de LSD debilitantes (flashback: clarão para traz)
- permanently frazzled synapses ↔ sinapses desorientados de forma permanente
- lifetime use ↔ uso na vida
- outcomes ↔ resultados, desfechos
- Rather ↔ Em vez disso
- lower rate ↔ menor taxa
- surveys ↔ pesquisas, enquetes ↲
- expert ↔ perito; de especialista ↲
- harm assessments ↔ diagnósticos/avaliação dos danos ↲
- elicit ↔ resultar em, extrair
- anxiety ↔ ansiedade
- serious injury ↔ lesão grave
- “Over the past 50 years ↔ Ao longo dos últimos 50 anos
- guidelines ↔ diretrizes ↲
- case reports ↔ relatos de casos
- chance associations ↔ associações casuais ↲
- pointed out ↔ ressaltou, destacou ↲
- take place ↔ acontecer
- late adolescence ↔ final da adolescência
- mistaken ↔ confundido
|prospecção de mercado ↔market surveys|
|A enquete concluiu que… ↔The survey revealed that…|
|expert opinionparecer, perícia, opinião técnica, opinião de especialistas|
|risk assessmentavaliação/cálculo de riscos|
|In 1981 Japan updated its building guidelines with an eye to earthquake science.|
|These are just guidelines, not hard and fast rules. ↔São apenas indicações, não regras absolutas.|
|Yet unemployment is no longer a chance happening (acontecimento aleatório).|
|Three years went by before a chance encounter (encontro por acaso) brought them face-to-face again.|
|Mr Kennedy pointed out our mistakes. ↔O Sr. Kennedy apontou os nossos erros.|
|I was abashed when my mistakes were pointed out. ↔Eu me envergonhei quando meus erros foram apontados.|
|He pointed out how important it is to observe the law. ↔Eu ressaltei o quanto é importante observar a lei.|
|Jim pointed out some grammatical mistakes in my composition. ↔Jim mostrou alguns erros gramaticais na minha redação.|